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When to use the PAST SIMPLE or the PAST PARTICIPLE in English grammar?


Hi it's Ken here welcome along to ask Ajarn ken. I've got a great question regarding the difference between the past simple and using the past participle

if you're new here welcome along please remember to subscribe and turn on notifications so that you get all the latest English lessons that's going to really help you to improve so we got this question

What's the difference between using the past simple and the past participle.

If you know the past simple is verb two past participle people say is the verb number three.

So as a structure we use the past simple subject plus verb two. for example I went I spoke I visited I decided I wrote I studied etc

the past participle if we want to compare it this will be using the the auxiliary verb 'have'

so for example we can say I have been I have played I have spoken she has told they have visited etc

So that's the structure subject plus verb 2 subject plus have or has plus verb 3.

now what's the difference between using them very very simply we use the past simple when the when of the action has passed the time the when the action happened it started and finished in the past and normally it is mentioned.

For example last year ' I went to Spain' so when 'last year' for example and 'yesterday I ate noodles for lunch' so when yesterday finished 'I at'e so that is really when we use the past simple when the 'when' has started and finished and most of the time it is mentioned that's very very important it'll be mentioned 'where did you go yesterday' would be the question 'yesterday I went to the cinema' for example

'what did you eat for dinner last night' what did you eat that's the question again 'I ate lasagna' for example

With the with the present perfect they have plus verb three a little bit different the main difference I try to put across to students is we don't mention  'when' it is implied okay so for example 'I have visited Spain many times' I'm not telling you when if you want to know when then we'll use the past simple

so for example 'I have visited Spain many times' 'really when did you last go' 'oh I last went last year'

so as you can see we're changing it from the present perfect into the past simple

so the present perfect really we use when the when is not mentioned it is implied all of your life for example or the when is still happening

for example it's 11 a.m we can say 'I have eaten breakfast this morning' okay so this morning is still happening it's 11 o'clock

'I have spoken to him this week' this week is still happening so we use the present perfect

so that's generally the difference

when the when is completed past simple present perfect when the when is still happening or isn't mentioned

so there you go that's a rough difference between the two of them

hope that's answered if you get more questions then please leave them in the comments below and I'll check them for you

so my name is Ken bye for now


Ajarn Ken Learn English

Ajarn Ken is a native English speaker from Scotland in the UK and has been teaching English since the year 2008. Most recently Ken has been teaching, coaching and mentoring university graduates in Bangkok, Thailand to prepare them to successfully pass interviews to be Cabin Crew and Flight Attendants with airlines all over the world

Ajarn Ken

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